From the Editor's Pen
"Continuous Learning is needful "
A very happy Independence Day to all of you.
This year we are celebrating this day from our home through online apps due to spreading danger of covid-19.
As we know 2020 has been full of uncertainty. We're at home since a long time and away from our friends, relatives and society. But we have learnt a positive thing that this subsequent lockdown and pandemic have had us struggling to adjust to changes like never before. These days you are learning new techniques in your studies. There's a great opportunity for you to develop pragmatic thinking. We,teachers are with you to help you in realizing your potential to enhance your skills, especially your basic skills that you need to develop for survival. You can develop your skills by participating in activities like -debate, elocution, writing, painting, dancing, photography, quizzes, short video - making etc. Inspite of these you can learn to do small household things like -cooking, vessel cleaning, managing your things and clean your room .In this way you will be perfect in learning by yourself. So let's not stop learning. Do something new and innovative continuously.
Stay at home and be safe.
Mrs. Savita Saxena, Senior Editor, AMI Shishu Mandir
Each year schools, colleges and other institutions across India celebrate Independence Day with great enthusiasm. However, this year, the traditional celebrations have moved to the virtual celebrations due to Covid-19 pandemic. Since when the lockdown is announced, the things have changed a lot. We have adapted to a new normal now. The children are attending online classes and spending their school time in virtual classes. This year schools planned and arranged virtual activities and programs to celebrate the Independence Day. The students participated and became part of the celebration with the same enthusiasm.
When we speak about Independence, first glimpse that shows up is our great freedom fighters. And in today’s world, the responsibility, to maintain the freedom that freedom fighters earned for us, lies on the shoulders of defense personnel. Armory that the country possesses plays an important role in it. India has recently added Rafale fighter jets to its inventory. This marks the beginning of a new era in the history of Indian forces.
Poverty and unemployment have always been core problems for our country. During this grim situation of Pandemic, Prime Minister Narendra Modi showed us the vision of making India self-reliant. From zero production of PPE kit to the capacity of producing 2 lacs kits every day, India has demonstrated how it can rise up to challenges and uncover opportunities. Aatm- Nirbhar Abhiyan will not only create ample job opportunities, reduce dependency on other countries but will also boost the economy.
This requires participation from each of us in order to make this movement a grand success. We should start using “Made in India” products where possible.
Let everyone be vocal for local!
I wish everyone a very happy Independence Day! Jai Hind ! Miss Poornima Gangele, Editor, AMI Shishu Mandir
Examinophobia: The fear of exams
Creation of AMI Students
HOW TO IMPROVE COMMUNICATION SKILLS
Examinophobia: The fear of exams
Ways to help eliminate exam stress
Before an exam
If you can concentrate well in the morning then do most of your studying before lunch, not late at night when you can’t concentrate. If you can study at night then study at later half of the day, but go to bed at a reasonable hour and get enough sleep. Try answering questions from past exam papers or you can also try explaining tricky answers to someone else to make sure you have understood it.
Always ask for help if there are things you don’t understand, and especially if you are feeling, stressed out.
On the day of the exam, avoid talking to friends who get stressed easily. You know the ones with cue cards outside of the exam hall, frantically trying to remember key dates and equations. They will do nothing for your stress levels.
Write down everything you feel like you need to do and try and tick one thing off. Just the act of feeling like you are in control of your revision can help.
Watch a film, a TV show, play cricket or listen to some music that makes you feel good.
Drink some herbal tea or a hot chocolate. It’s a well known fact that hot drinks are known to soothe the soul (avoid too much caffeine though!).
A shower or a bath can help relieve stress.
During an exam
Students who panic in an exam should take deep breaths. If a question causes them to freeze, then they should move on to an easier question. Come back to the difficult question later.
After an exam
Avoid the exam “post-mortem”. You don’t need to know how other people fared in the exam. You’ve done your best, you can’t go back and change your answers so the second you step out of the exam hall, focus on your next exam.
HOW TO IMPROVE COMMUNICATION SKILLS
Successful leaders are able to meaningfully communicate with others.
Steve Jobs inspired his employees to strive for perfect hardware products. Jack Welch mentored the senior leadership team of GE to new heights. Jeff Bezos is known for articulating the Amazon ethos clearly to employees and the world. All of these leaders possess outstanding leadership skills.
Here are 14 ways you can improve your communication skills in order to become a more effective leader.
1. Learn the basics of nonverbal communication. One study found that nonverbal communication accounted for 55 percent of how an audience perceived a presenter. That means that the majority of what you say is communicated not through words, but through physical cues.
To communicate clearly and confidently, adopt proper posture. Avoid slouching, folding your arms or making yourself appear smaller than you are. Instead, fill up the space you are given, maintain eye contact and (if appropriate) move around the spaces.
2. You have to over-communicate just to communicate. In 1990, a graduate student at Stanford University was able to prove that presenters overestimate how much listeners understand. In a study that become known as “the tappers and the listeners,” one set of participants was asked to tap the melody of 120 famous songs. The other participants were asked to guess what song was being tapped.
Tappers estimated that 50 percent of the songs tapped would be correctly identified. In reality, only 2.5 percent of songs were correctly identified. This study shows that it is important to communicate clearly, and to over-communicate when sharing new ideas. As this study indicates, it is likely that the audience will fail to absorb as much as you expect.
3. Avoid relying on visual aids. Steve Jobs instituted a rule at Apple that banned all PowerPoint presentations. Similarly, Sheryl Sandberg instituted a PowerPoint ban at Facebook. Both leaders realized that PowerPoint presentations can hinder rather than help communication.
Be prepared to use words, compelling storytelling and nonverbal cues to communicate your point with the audience. Avoid using visual aids unless absolutely necessary.
4. Ask for honest feedback. As with most leadership skills, receiving honest feedback from peers, managers and members of your team is critical to becoming a better communicator. If you regularly solicit feedback, others will help you to discover areas for improvement that you might have otherwise overlooked.
5. Engage the audience in discussion. Regardless of how compelling the speaker is, all audiences have limited attention spans. To become a more effective communicator, make presentations and discussions interactive.
Ask the audience a question, encourage people to call out their thoughts during a brainstorming session or at the very least ask hypothetical questions to stimulate the audience.
6. Start and end with key points. Think back to the “tappers and listeners” study mentioned earlier. Clear communication is of paramount importance. To ensure that the audience understands the key takeaways from a presentation, reiterate key points at the start and finish. This can also be accomplished by providing attendees with a one-pager that includes key points the audience should consider throughout the presentation.
7. Use the PIP approach. A common framework used by business experts, like those at McKinsey, is the purpose, importance, preview (PIP) approach to presentation introductions. Following this approach, the speaker first states the purpose of the presentation, and then shares why presentation is important by reviewing implications and possible outcomes.
Finally, the presenter gives a preview of the topics that will be discussed. This framework is a useful way to get audiences excited about the presentation, helping them to focus on your message and on key takeaways.
8. Record important presentations for posterity. It can take a good deal of time and energy to communicate effectively. In cases where you may need to give the same presentation multiple times, consider recording it and sharing it in the future.
Platforms such as Wistia and Zoom allow speakers to record themselves delivering a presentation. These video-recording platforms allow presenters to edit the video to make it more engaging and helpful. They also provide admins with metrics about viewer engagement.
Recorded presentations can be especially helpful for communicators who need to regularly provide training in a company that is hiring employees quickly.
9. Master the art of timing. While some of their jokes might not be appropriate for the workplace, standup comedians are certainly effective communicators. Comedians including Chris Rock and Dave Chappelle are able to host compelling 90-minute comedy shows, in part because they have mastered the art of timing.
Great comedians, like all great communicators, are able to feel out their audience to determine when to move on to a new topic or when to reiterate an idea.
10. Get comfortable speaking extemporaneously. When lawyers present a case in front of the United States Supreme Court, they typically speak extemporaneously. That is to say, the lawyers write down a series of topics they intend to discuss, but they do not memorize what they would say word for word. This method of communicating allows the lawyers presenting a case to cover all of the necessary points, while giving them flexibility as to how to communicate based on audience reaction or questions.
Business communicators should consider adopting an extemporaneous speaking style. It takes practice, but it will allow for more natural communication, and can help with audience engagement.
11. Get to know your audience. To communicate effectively, it is important to get to know your audience first. Each audience is different, and will have different preferences and cultural norms that should be considered when communicating. A good way to understand expectations is to ask members of the audience for examples of good communicators within the organization.
12. Add novelty to improve audience retention. A recent study revealed that people generally retain more information when presented with novel, as opposed to routine, situations. To help audience members retain information, consider injecting some sort of novel event into a presentation. This might be something funny, or something that simply catches people by surprise.
13. Focus on earning respect instead of laughs. It can be tempting to communicate with others in a lighthearted way; after all, this can be a good way to make friends in a professional setting. But remember that the most successful communicators are those who have earned respect, rather than laughs. While telling a joke or two to warm up an audience can be effective, avoid ending a presentation with a laugh.
14. Be a listener. “Listen more than you talk.” This is what Richard Branson tells business people who want to connect with others. To communicate effectively, first listen to what others have to say. Then you can provide a thoughtful answer that shows you have taken those ideas into account.
Conclusion Communicating clearly is one of the most effective skills you can cultivate as a business leader. Remember to communicate using nonverbal and verbal cues. Listen carefully to what others have to say, and over-communicate in novel ways to ensure the content of the conversation sticks with the audience.